Hashimoto's Disease: A Thyroid Disorder

Hashimoto’s Disease is a condition where the body’s immune system attacks the thyroid gland and results in the under-production of thyroid hormone (hypothyroidism). The thyroid is a butterfly-shaped gland located near the throat and regulates a wide variety of bodily functions such as metabolism, growth, and development. Symptoms of the disorder can include tiredness, unexplained weight gain, and hair loss.

In order to correct the low hormone levels, the synthetic thyroid hormones called levothyroxine (Synthroid) or liothyronine (Cytomel) can be taken on a daily basis. These medications work just like the natural thyroid hormone the body should be producing. Once the levels of thyroid hormone in the body return to normal, Hashimoto’s symptoms should decrease. Levothyroxine should be taken in the morning on an empty stomach to increase absorption of the drug. Common side effects of both drugs include weight loss and sweating.