A kidney stone is a hardened, pebble-like deposit composed of salts and minerals that have passed through the bladder and into the urine. The kidneys are responsible for eliminating wastes from the body through the process of urination. During this process, a stone can become stuck in the kidney or bladder, causing stomach and back pain.
Mild pain symptoms associated with the condition can be treated with medications known as Non-Steroidal Anti—Inflammatory Drugs (NSAIDS). They work by decreasing inflammation and relieving pain sensation. Over-the-counter (OTC) examples of these medications include ibuprofen (Advil) and naproxen (Aleve). To prevent kidney stones from forming, a diuretic (“water-pill”) called hydrochlorothiazide (Microzide) may be prescribed. It works by causing the secretion of calcium through the urine. If medications are unsuccessful, a medical procedure called lithotripsy uses sound wave vibrations to break apart larger stones, which then allows them to be eliminated through urination.