Type 2 diabetes is a disorder that affects how the body gets rid of sugar, a natural source of energy. Type 2 diabetes usually occurs when the body rejects the effects of insulin, a hormone that controls the movement of sugar. It may also occur when the body doesn’t make enough insulin to maintain a normal sugar level. Genetic factors, physical inactivity, and extra weight may increase the risk of having type 2 diabetes. Symptoms of this disorder may include increased thirst, increased hunger, and tiredness.
Medications that help control the movement of sugar may be used to treat type 2 diabetes. Metformin (Glucophage) works to help the body use insulin more effectively and lowers the amount of sugar that the body makes. Side effects include nausea and diarrhea. Glyburide (Glynase) and repaglinide (Prandin) work to help the body make more insulin. Side effects may include weight gain.