Adult attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (commonly called ADHD) is classified as a mental health condition. It causes people to experience things such as hyperactivity and difficulty paying attention. Lead exposure during the early years, genetics, or problems that may have occurred during the body’s development can increase the risk of having ADHD. Adult ADHD signs, which can start in early childhood, may include mood swings, problems focusing, problems completing tasks, restlessness, and trouble multitasking. These symptoms are sometimes persistent and disruptive of daily tasks.
Symptoms of adult ADHD may be treated with medications, in addition to educational counseling. Medications used include atomoxetine (Strattera), bupropion (Wellbutrin), and stimulants such as methylphenidate and amphetamine. Methylphenidate and amphetamine are used to balance natural substances in the brain called neurotransmitters. Methylphenidate and amphetamine help increase the ability to focus, the ability to pay attention, and the ability to control behavior. Side effects of these medications include nausea, headache, and nervousness.