The diuretics medications known as thiazides have been found to decrease the risk of hip and pelvic fractures in elderly individuals. A previous study called the Antihypertensive and Lipid-Lowering Treatment to Prevent Heart Attack (ALLHAT) trial was recently reviewed for additional benefit data. Researchers found that people who took the thiazidetype diuretic chlorthalidone (Thalitone) for high blood pressure control experienced a twenty-one percent decrease in fracture risk than those who took a non-thiazide high blood pressure medication called lisinopril (Prinivil).
The connection between heart disease and bone disease is not fully understood. However, the results from the study confirmed that thiazides are an appropriate first choice for high blood pressure treatment in certain individuals. Bone density decreases with age and blood pressure often increases in older people. More studies are being conducted to study the relationship between bone and cardiovascular health.