Scarlet Fever Commonly Caused by Strep Throat
Children between the ages of 5 and 15 are most likely to be affected
by scarlet fever. Typical signs and symptoms of this condition include
an extensive rash, flushed face, sore throat, and high fever. Streptococcus
pyogenes is the bacteria responsible for causing both strep throat
and scarlet fever. This bacteria type is contagious and may be transmitted
through coughing, sneezing, or touching objects an infected person
has touched and then touching their nose or mouth. Persons may carry
the bacteria without symptoms.
Antibiotics may be prescribed for persons who become infected. Penicillin,
amoxicillin (Amoxil, Trimox), and azithromycin (Zithromax) are antibiotics
sometimes prescribed. Other antibiotics prescribed may include
clarithromycin (Biaxin), clindamycin (Cleocin), and cephalexin (Keflex).
Other treatment measures include using over-the-counter medications,
with the approval of the child’s physician, and providing adequate fluids.
Over-the-counter medications, such as ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin)
and acetaminophen (Tylenol), may help to alleviate fever and discomfort.
Children may prevent scarlet fever infection through regular hand washing
and refraining from sharing drinking glasses or eating utensils.